We have explored how non-linearity in the climate system may interact with non-linearity in the global socio-economic system to potentially produce tipping points in the coupled together climate-socio-economic system. Our emphasis was on characterising the local consequences of climate tipping, including possibilities of adaptation and early-warning. We also analysed the potential link between climate and conflict through food insecurity or extreme weather events triggering disruption in food exports. We looked at the robustness of European infrastructure, such as new renewable energy, to extreme climate. Assessing feedbacks to the energy system is a major advance in concept and methodology.
- We analysed social impacts and economic costs of passing tipping points in 2, 4 and 6°C scenarios at different times at different levels of adaptation
- We then combined this impacts information with assessment of the likelihood of different climate tipping points
- We have developed approaches to early-warning of tipping-point thresholds
- We looked at developing adaptation and assessing the limits of adaptation to tipping points
- The data has been incorporated into HELIXscope visualisation tool
Deliverables and reports: